Occupational health and safety

People’s health and safety are the most precious asset to be protected at all times of life


Combined injuries Frequency Rate (FR)
totali (FR)for Enel people, persone Enel
and contractors, with a reduction of about 18% compared to 2018


Combined LTIFR for Enel people
and contractors, with a reduction
of about 18% compared to 2018


Extra Checking on Site (ECoS)

SHE 2.019

continuation of the 2018 SHE 365 project on safety, health and the environment

Enel considers the people’s health, safety and psychological and physical well-being the most precious asset to be protected at all times of life, at work, at home and during leisure time, and is committed to developing and disseminating a robust safety culture throughout the entire perimeter of the Company in order to guarantee a workplace that is free from health and safety hazards. Enel SpA people are responsible for their own health and safety and for the health and safety of the people with whom they interact and, as specified in Enel Group’s “Stop Work Policy”, must promptly draw attention to and/or stop any at-risk situations or unsafe behaviours. The constant commitment of all, integration of safety in processes and in training activities, disclosure and analysis of near miss accidents, rigorous selection and management of contractor companies, quality controls, sharing of experience within the Group and benchmarking with the best international operators are the foundational elements of Enel’s safety culture. The commitment of top management to disseminating these elements is formalised in the “Statement of Commitment to Health and Safety” signed by the Chief Executive Officer.

Safety Rates



(1) This rate is calculated by establishing the ratio between the number of injuries (all injuries, also those with 3 days of absence or less) and hours worked/1,000,000. 
(2) Sum of: injuries that resulted in more than 6 months’ absence from work as at December 31, 2019; injuries that are still open and considered severe (initial prognosis > 30 days) as at December 31, 2019; injuries categorised as “Life Changing Accidents” (LCAs), regardless of the resulting days of absence from work. 
(3) The Lost Time Injuries Frequency Rate is calculated by relating the number of injuries (all accident events, also those with 3 days of absence or less) with hours worked * 200 thousand. 
(4) Considering all areas in which the Group operates and the activities managed, including companies consolidated using the equity method and companies for which the BSO (Build, Sell and Operate) mechanism has been applied, the total number of fatalities is 8. 

The injuries frequency rate (FR) combined for Enel people and contractors in 2019 confirmed the downward trend already recorded in prior years, with a total of 0.73 injuries per million hours worked, a figure that is 18.2% lower than that of 2018. In detail, the FR of Enel people decreased, totalling 0.90 injuries per one million hours worked (-5% versus 2018), and also that of contractor personnel, totalling 0.65 injuries per one million hours worked (-25% versus 2018), thus confirming the effectiveness of the strategies adopted and of the safety policies implemented in the Group.
In 2019 there was 1 fatality involving an employee of the Enel Group (Spain) and 6 fatalities involving contractors (2 in Brazil, 2 in Chile, 1 in Italy and 1 in Romania ). The causes are mainly of mechanical type. In 2019 there were 3 High Consequence injuries involving Enel Group employees (2 in Italy and 1 in Russia) and 16 involving contractors (5 in Italy, 2 in Spain, 2 in Peru, 2 in Mexico, 1 in USA, 3 in Brazil and 1 in Argentina ), mainly of mechanical type.

Enel has a specific injuries management policy (Policy 106 “Classification, communication, analysis and reporting of incidents”) that defines roles and methods employed to guarantee prompt communication of incidents, ensuring the related causes analysis process, definition of improvement  plans, and monitoring of the associated actions depending on the event type. The criteria prescribed by Policy 106 are applicable not only to injuries of high industrial significance but also to minor events, including those not involving personal injuries (near misses). Therefore, all fatalities or severe injuries (or events that could have potentially caused a fatal or severe injury) involving Enel people or the personnel of contractor companies are analysed by a group of experts. The improvement actions identified are constantly monitored and followed until the time of completion. If the event analysis reveals serious safety breaches by contractor companies, suitable provisions are adopted (contract termination, suspension of qualification, etc.).

In addition, the Extra Checking on Site (ECoS) activity proceeded in 2019 with 230 ECoS carried out, in line with the 150 planned. The purpose of the ECoS is to assess adequacy of the organisation and processes implemented in a specific operational area. These checks are carried out by expert HSEQ personnel external to the operating units affected by the investigation, assisted by technical profiles specific to the business, and they make it possible to define adequately monitored corrective actions for preventive purposes.