Electricity is essential to guarantee the sustainable progress of modern societies and represents a key factor in reaching the goals of the United Nations 2030 Agenda, in particular SDG 7, to guarantee everyone accessible, reliable, sustainable and modern energy, and SDG 13, regarding climate action.
The electricity production has always played a key role in climate change, as the use of fossil fuels is a considerable source of greenhouse gas emissions. Technological development, in particular in the area of renewable energies, has however completely transformed this scenario by making electricity one of the main solutions for reducing the carbon footprint world-wide. Enel is aware of these impacts and implements specific actions to minimise them, promoting the decarbonization of the energy system and the electrification of the energy demand. As a result, this reduces the greenhouse gas emissions along the entire value chain.
Moreover, the management of the electricity network involves the generation of indirect greenhouse gas emissions (Scope 2) associated with energy losses on the grid. Enel is actively investing in the digitalization and automation of the electricity grid to reduce these losses and increase reliability, while promoting the diffusion of renewables in the energy system.
Even if Enel does not have a direct impact in terms of greenhouse gas emissions in the retail market, the use of products sold by its own customers generates greenhouse gas emissions that are accounted for as indirect emissions (Scope 3). Enel regularly monitors these emissions and offers its customers sustainable energy solutions to reduce the carbon footprint of their energy consumption in a wide range of sectors, including transport, buildings as well as industrial processes and services
Enel’s impact on climate change in 2019
(1) Includes the electricity production from renewable and nuclear sources.
(2) The GHG Protocol requires considering the consumption of electricity when calculating the Company’s carbon footprint as indirect emissions (Scope 2).
(3) Includes the contribution of the “Global Power Generation” Business Line.
(4) Other Scope 1 emissions are equal to 0.4 mil t CO2. See the paragraph “Greenhouse gas emissions” for further details.
(5) SAIFI, System Average Interruption Frequency Index.
(6) Other Scope 2 emissions are equal to 1.5 mil t CO2 (according to location-based methodology). See the paragraph “Greenhouse gas emissions” for further details.